Sunday, May 24, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"AfricaÃ¢â¬ is a poem written by Maya Angelou which expresses the grave injustice done to Africa by the Europeans. Through her words Angelou is able to express the pain, suffering, and hope felt by the people of African during this time. The poem speaks to the beauty of Africa, goes into the injustice it has faced, and the hope that it has to one day go back to how it was. Three stanzas hold the words of Angelou, each filled with several literary techniques such as metaphors, rhyming, and personification. These several techniques gives this poem a lot of power and effect over the readers. With the use of imagery a picture is painted into our minds as we can see the words she wrote, and feel the pain they felt. The various stanzas changeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This section of the poem Angelou goes into describing how the Europeans come Ã¢â¬Å"over the white seasÃ¢â¬ (9), and came to take and take advantage of Africa. Through reading this stanza you can feel the negat ive throughout. Ã¢â¬Å"took her daughters/sold her strong sonsÃ¢â¬ (13-14). Angelou continues with the use of Africa as a women and speaks of the Europeans taking away her Ã¢â¬Å"childrenÃ¢â¬ (the male females of Africa) during the invasion. This has readers pointed in the direction of the slavery that took place. In this troubling time mother Africa tried hard to resist against the rude forces; however she was no match for the imperialism that came upon her. Trying to resist the Europeans domination took its toll on Africa. After having such an awful experience Africa was still standing. This last stanza that Angelou rights unlike the others is different. Instead of speaking in the past tense on the thing that have happened , she speaks in the present tense for the this that yet to come. Throughout all that Africa has been through Angelou believes that that things will get better. Now she is striding(19) showing readers that even though Africa had went through this hard time it soon shall pass and there will be a brighter future. Again in this stanza now readers can see that the tone has changed yet again. Now we are going away from the negativity and back towards the positive. Angeli uses the standard to try and help readers see that although there may beShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Africa By Maya Angelou768 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBeauty, Struggle, and Rise: The Journey of Africa Maya AngelouÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"AfricaÃ¢â¬ is an exceptional poem that talks about the injustices faced by the Blacks during the 18th century. In fact, the poem takes the readers back to the slave trade and the many difficulties it brought to Africans. Each stanza of the poem symbolizes a particular characteristic/stage related to Africa. While the first stanza describes Africas physical features, the second and third stanzas demonstrate the struggles of the continentRead MoreAnalysis Of Maya Angelou s Poem, Africa1491 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesorigins begin in Africa. Maya AngelouÃ¢â¬â¢s poem, Ã¢â¬Å"Africa,Ã¢â¬ paints a portrait of the history of Africa. Her canvas depicts the beautiful landscapes with its people far and wide as well as those who were abducted from its shores. The three stanzas, which make up the poem, construct a story about a nation that was beaten, raped and left behind to die, and despite that was triumphant in the end. Maya AngelouÃ¢â¬â¢s poem is a tribute to the struggles and triumphs of Africa. Angelou refers to Africa as a woman throughoutRead MoreAnalysis Of Inaugural Poem By Maya Angelou767 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageschose to examine was the Inaugural Poem by Maya Angelou. This poem was written specifically for one occasion; President Bill Clintons inauguration ceremony in January, 1993. Through the usage of several poetic devices, Maya Angelou enhances the meaning of her poem. The first poetic device I will focus on is the rhyme scheme. There is not a consistent rhyme scheme followed throughout the poem. The reasoning behind this was to capture the flow of Maya AngelouÃ¢â¬â¢s numerous thoughts on this historicRead MoreAnalysis Of The Poem Post Colonialism 1742 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesimplemented on them and the career of Maya Angelou, a black woman born in the height of racism in America, is a testament to the colonised population s vigour and power to endure. Ã In many of her protest poems Angelou expresses the overwhelming oppression of the black culture and cries out against a system that supports the economic oppression of blacks by the white majority. Born in 1928, Angelou s own parents would have experienced slavery, and, as a child of slaves, Angelou herself experienced the afterRead MoreComparative Analysis Of African Americ Annotated Bibliography878 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesComparative Analysis of African American: An Annotated Bibliography Angelou, Maya. Ã¢â¬Å"AfricaÃ¢â¬ . The Norton Introduction to Literature 11th ed. New York: 2013 print Norton Mays, Kelly Wheatley, Phillis. Ã¢â¬Å"On Being Brought from Africa to AmericaÃ¢â¬ The Norton Introduction to Literature. 11th ed. Ed. Spencer Richardson-Jones. New York: Norton, 2013 The main point of this poem is Maya Angelou talking about her homeland, Africa. The narrator starts to describe the land of Africa by using AngelouÃ¢â¬â¢s bodyRead MoreHot and Cold: Warmth in Poetry Essay1234 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesof the comforting glow of the Latin deli. The final poem that relates to the concept is from the pen of Maya Angelou, a great African American writer whose works include I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings and the screenplay for Georgia, Georgia (MayaAngelou.com). However, for this topic in particular the focus shall be placed on one of her many poems written throughout her life. The poem Ã¢â¬Å"AfricaÃ¢â¬ is a short, twenty-five line poem detailing the ordeal of slavery that was the enslavement of Africans backRead MoreSexual Violence And Gender Based Crimes1877 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesUltimately, the Court must reflect a gender neutral approach whilst bringing sexual violence to the spotlight to improve the struggle against these crimes. On the 12th of January 1993, in front of a white-male dominated crowd, civil rights activist Maya Angelou read the words Ã¢â¬Ëhistory, despite its wrenching pain, cannot be unlived, but if faced with courage, need not be lived againÃ¢â¬â¢. The heart-breaking truth in those beautiful verses hides a saddening premonition. Indeed, history books seem like a compilationRead MoreAnalysis of Black Reconstruction Essay2741 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesAnalysis of Black Reconstruction Prior to the Civil War and Reconstruction, the main goal of the African American population was to be granted freedom. African Americans had been enslaved since 1619 in America, when the first slaves were sold on the auction block. However, their concepts of freedom were extremely romanticized and highly unrealistic as a direct result of the atrocities they witnessed and endured in the institution of slavery. They visualized the abolition of slavery to
Monday, May 18, 2020
In studies of language acquisition, the term chunk refers to several words that are customarily used together in a fixed expression, such as in my opinion, to make a long story short, How are you? or Know what I mean?Ã Also known asÃ language chunk, lexical chunk, praxon, formulated speech, formulaic phrase, formulaic speech, lexical bundle, lexical phrase, and collocation. Chunk and chunking were introduced as cognitive terms by psychologist George A. Miller in his paper The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two: Some Limits on Our Capacity for Processing Information (1956). See Examples and ObservationsÃ below. Also, see: Lexical ApproachBinomialClichÃ ©Ã and PlatitudeCompound NounIdiomLanguage AcquisitionListemePet PhrasePhrasePhrasal VerbSnowclone Examples and Observations Here is one that got away, and lived to tell the tale.(Red Riding: In the Year of Our Lord 1983, 2009)Oh, by the way, hows the Florence Henderson look working for you?(Matthew Morrison as Will Schuester, The Power of Madonna. Glee, 2010)Once upon a time, there was a lovely princess. But she had an enchantment upon her of a fearful sort, which could only be broken by loves first kiss.(Shrek, 2001)The only thing Junior Singleton reads cover to cover is a matchbook.(The Red Green Show, 1991)It may be that across the immensity of space the Martians have watched the fate of these pioneers of theirs and learned their lesson, and that on the planet Venus they have found a securer settlement. Be that as it may, for many years yet there will certainly be no relaxation of the eager scrutiny of the Martian disk, and those fiery darts of the sky, the shooting stars, will bring with them as they fall an unavoidable apprehension.(H.G. Wells, The War of the Worlds, 1898)Do you know the phrase water shed moment, buddy?I nodded. You didnt have to be an English teacher to know that one; you didnt even have to be literate. It was one of those annoying linguistic shortcuts that show up on cable TV news shows, day in and day out. Others include connect the dots and at this point in time. The most annoying of all (I have inveighed against it to my clearly bored students time and time and time again) is the totally meaningless some people say, or many people believe.(Stephen King, 11/22/63. Scribner, 2011)Uses of Prefabricated Chunks- It seems that in the initial stages of first language acquisition and natural second language acquisition we acquire unanalysed chunks, but that these gradually get broken down into smaller components . . .The prefabricated chunks are utilised in fluent output, which, as many researchers from different traditions have noted, largely depends on automatic processing of stored units. According to Erman and Warrens (2000) count, about half of running text is covered by such recurrent units.(J. M. Sinclair and A. Mauranen, Linear Unit Grammar: Integrating Speech and Writing. John Benjamins, 2006)- If I find an especially felicitous way of expressing an idea, I may store up that turn of phrase so that the next time I need it it will come forth as a prefabricated chunk, even though to my hearer it may not be distinguishable from newly generated speech. This . . . kind of expression, then, not only is completely analyzable by the grammar of the language but as a result of its transparency has a dual status for the speaker: It can be handled either as a single unit or as a complex construction with internal structure (e.g., words can be inserted into or deleted from the phrase, or the grammatical structure can be changed as needed).(Ann M. Peters, The Units of Language Acquisition. Cambridge UniversityÃ Press, 1983)Formulaic Phrases vs. Literal Expressions[T]he formulaic phrase has unique properties: it is cohesive and unitary in structur e (sometimes with aberrant grammatical form), often nonliteral or deviant in meaning properties, and usually contains a nuanced meaning that transcends the sum of its (lexical) parts. The canonical form of the expression (formuleme) is known to native speakers. This is to say that a formulaic expression functions differently in form, meaning, and use from a matched, literal, novel, or propositional expression (Lounsbury, 1963). It broke the ice, for example, as a formula, differs regarding meaning representation, exploitation of lexical items, status in language memory, and range of possible usages, when compared to the exact same sequence of words as a novel expression.(Diana Van Lancker Sidtis, Formulaic and Novel Language in a Dual Process Model of Language Competence. Formulaic Language, Vol. 2., ed. by Roberta Corrigan et al. John Benjamins, 2009)Criticism of the Lexical-Chunk ApproachMichael Swan, a British writer on language pedagogy, has emerged as a prominent critic of the lexical-chunk approach. Though he acknowledges, as he told me in an e-mail, that high-priority chunks need to be taught, he worries that the new toy effect can mean that formulaic expressions get more attention than they deserve, and other aspects of language--ordinary vocabulary, grammar, pronunciation and skills--get sidelined.Swan also finds it unrealistic to expect that teaching chunks will produce nativelike proficiency in language learners. Native English speakers have tens or hundreds of thousands--estimates vary--of these formulae at their command, he says. A student could learn 10 a day for years and still not approach native-speaker competence.(Ben Zimmer, On Language: Chunking. The New York Times Magazine, Sep. 19, 2010)
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Van Genneps quot;Rites of Passagequot;, Durkheim and Turners Theory of Communitas I. Classify using Van Genneps categories and point out aspects which would be of particular interest to Turner and to Chapple and Coons. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;The Mescalero girls puberty ceremony is an example of a quot;Rite of Passage,quot; a ceremony that marks the transition of an individual from one stage of life to another (Chapple and Coons, p. 484). The ceremony marks the transition from girl to quot;mother of a nationquot; (p.252). The ritual serves as a means of establishing equilibrium after the crisis of puberty (Chapple and Coons, p. 484). It is a method of making this transition from girl to woman easier. I classified thisÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The category quot;femalequot; is related to fire, the color yellow, and the idea of being protected. quot;Malequot; is related to the poles, the color red, and the idea of being the protector. Yellow pollen, symbolizing women, is applied to the girls early in the ceremony. Furthermore, rather than being stripped bare, the girls are ornately decorated. However, one may argue that they have been stripped of the attire they wore before the ceremony. According to Turner, the liminal period is one of humility, obedience, and danger. The girls do exhibit these qualities during the period of transition, particularly during the all-night dancing ordeal. I still would not interpret this as a quot;lowquot; because of the blessings the girls bestow upon the community and because of the massages they receive from the Godmothers. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; The period of incorporation has been described as phase in which quot;. . . the individual begins once again his interaction with the members of his community . . .quot; (Chapple and Coons, p. 485). As noted earlier, the girls interaction with the community is maintained at different points in the ritual. However, the girls do undergo a radical change during the ceremony, culminating in their reincorporation into their communities as new individuals. The ceremony began with the males constructing a lodge and ended with the girls destroying the lodge. In the beginning, the girls gave blessings and in
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Introduction Molson Coors is a thriving international brewing company that has nine Signature Brew drinks and 123 Special Brew drinks that ranges from non-alcoholic to alcoholic (Molson Coors Brewing Company, 2016b). They have multiple markets around the world which contributes to the success of the company in the brewing industry. This report analyzes Molson CoorsÃ¢â¬â¢ internal and external environments which determines their position in the brewing industry. It also discusses strategies the company uses in order to be successful in their industry. Molson Coors shares the industry with its main competitors but has its own uniqueness that makes its business stand out. Molson Coors is a successful business that presents opportunities for economic growth. Internal Environment Company Background The Molson Coors Brewing company was formed in 2005 by the merger of Molson of Canada, and US Brewer, Coors. The company is incorporated in the US and ownership is equally shared between the Molson and Coors Families (Global Company Profile, 2015). The two headquarters of the company are located in Denver, Colorado, where the Coors family resides, and Montreal, Quebec, where Molson family takes residence. The Coors family decided to give Molson the first name in the brand because they have been in business longer than Coors have been (Raabe, 2004). Business Strategy Ã¢â¬â Operation As a business strategy, Molson Coors have achieved their goal to be an international brewing company.Show MoreRelatedMolson Company Analysis3031 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesMolson Coors Brewing Company | Operations Management | | Busi 2002 | Due Date: October 3, 2012 | | Table of Contents Introduction 2 Overview of Company 2 Background of Molson Coors Brewing Company 2 Molson Coors Brewing Company Vision Statement and Values 4 Operational Analysis 4 Quality Management 4 Product Design 5 Location 6 Supply Chain Management 6 SWOT Analysis 7 Strengths 7 Weaknesses 9 Opportunities 9 Threats 10 Porters Five Forces 12 ProductRead MoreBrewery Industry Paper2906 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesExecutive Summary This report will provide an industry analysis for the beer brewing industry, discussing the attractiveness of the industry in regards to sustainable profitability and investment risk. First, we will start with an introduction to familiarize you with the three-century old beer brewing industry. We will discuss the ins and outs of the brewing industries operations, along with various industry products. We will analyze historic growth and earnings and make predictions for the nextRead MoreCase Study Molson Coors Brewing Company5316 Words Ã |Ã 22 PagesSTUDY: MOLSON COORS BREWING COMPANY 1. COMPANY HISTORY, DEVELOPMENT AND GROWTH The Molson Coors Brewing Company is an alcohol beverage company. It manufactures and markets beers and other beverage products through its subsidiaries across the world. Commercializes its products under a line of owned and partner brands. MCBC operates through four reportable segments, namely, Canada, the US, the UK, and Molson Coors International (MCI). Some of its major brands include Coors Light, Molson CanadianRead MoreCompany Analysis Report: Molson Coors Brewing Co.2015 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ Course Project Part II: Molson Coors Brewing Co. Dunnia Lopez D40105731 FIN515 Ã¢â¬â Managerial Finance Dr. Nader Gandevani October 19th, 2014 Table of Contents I. Introduction 3 II. Molson Coors Stock Price, Intrinsic Value, based on Discounted Cash Flow Model 3 - 10 III. Compare and contrast the intrinsic value with the current market price Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ 10-11 IV. ConclusionsÃ¢â¬ ¦..Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦. 11 V. ReferencesÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦... 12 VI. Appendix Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Read MoreHistory : The First Brewery2117 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesAfter the initial post-prohibition boom the market collapsed once again and by the 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s there were only a number of breweries still operating in the United States. By the turn of the century more breweries were running in the United States than in any other country with recent numbers over the 2,500 mark and many more are in the planning stages. 6 Public Firms: Anheuser-Busch Boston Beer Company Molson-Coors Diageo Brown-Forman Craft Brew Alliance Current State: Beer is the largest alcohol segmentRead MoreCase Study Molson Coors Brewing Company5324 Words Ã |Ã 22 PagesSTUDY: MOLSON COORS BREWING COMPANY 1. COMPANY HISTORY, DEVELOPMENT AND GROWTH The Molson Coors Brewing Company is an alcohol beverage company. It manufactures and markets beers and other beverage products through its subsidiaries across the world. Commercializes its products under a line of owned and partner brands. MCBC operates through four reportable segments, namely, Canada, the US, the UK, and Molson Coors International (MCI). Some of its major brands include Coors Light, Molson CanadianRead MoreAnheuser Busch and Coors Brewing Company6250 Words Ã |Ã 25 PagesStrategic Analysis of Anheuser-Busch Companies and Coors Brewing Company Tuesday, October 18, 2011 Contents Introduction 3 Industry Analysis 3 Barriers to Entry: 3 Competitive Rivalry: 4 Power of Suppliers: 5 Power of Buyers: 5 Substitutes: 6 Summary of Five Forces: 6 Strategy Analysis 7 Anheuser-Busch 7 Operational Excellence 7 Customer Intimacy: 9 Evaluation of Anheuser-BuschÃ¢â¬â¢s Strategy: 10 Coors Brewing Company: 11 Operational Excellence: ThroughRead MoreAlcohol Promotion and the Marketing Industry7707 Words Ã |Ã 31 Pages..................................................................................................... 3 1.2 Building Brand Community............................................................................................................ 3 1.3 Global Alcoholic Beverage Perspective........................................................................................... 3 1.4 The Marketing Mix.....................................................................................................Read MoreMarketing Pl A New Product Line Of A Non Alcoholic Craft Beer, Mountain Brew Review5247 Words Ã |Ã 21 Pagesand strategies, and, lastly, implementation, evaluation, and control. This is the exploration of such a marketing plan for a new product line of a non-alcoholic craft beer, Ã¢â¬Å"Mountain Brew ReviewÃ¢â¬ (MBR), created under the umbrella of parent company, Molson Coors (MC). Overview Beer has a long history. In 2000 B.C.E., Sumerians had prepared eight different beer types, ranging from Ã¢â¬Å"strong,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"red brown,Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"good darkÃ¢â¬ (Mauk, 2013). Breweries have created their own recipes, brewed their own beersÃ¢â¬âsomeRead MoreCase Analysis- Anheuser Busch2098 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesAnheuser-Busch Case Analysis Based in St. Louis, Missouri, Anheuser-Busch is the leading American brewer. The company is one of the largest theme park operators in the United States, a major manufacturer of aluminum cans and one of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s largest recyclers of aluminum cans. Our diverse background also includes malt production, rice milling, real estate development, turf farming, label printing and transportation services. Anheuser-Busch is best known for the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s two top-selling beers
The discovery of DNA began in 1928 when the British bacteriologist Frederick Griffith was performing an experiment with mice based on pneumococcus, a bacterium that causes pneumonia in humans. This bacterium has a capsule made of polysaccharides that has a shiny and smooth appearance, called s-strain. There are mutants of s-strain that do not produce this capsule and form a rough-looking colony called r-strain. Griffith discovered that this mutant did not kill the mice, but if pneumococcus R was mixed with pneumococcus S, the mice would die; this shows that the s-strain contained something capable of transforming R bacteria into pathogens. Oswald Avery with his colleagues Collin Macleod and Maclin McCarty began to separate the S bacteriaÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦At the 1950s Rosalind Franklin was the first woman to obtain an excellent DNA photography using x-ray diffraction. With this photograph she was able to deduce the distribution and distance of the atoms that make up the DNA. Then Janes Watson and Francis Crick had in mind several models of the DNA molecule, but having no type of description they did not know which model was the correct one; The photograph of Franklin was key for Watson and Crick to conclude that the DNA model should have a double helix structure, they also calculated the exact distances between the atoms and the chains that make up the DNA. This provided answers to many questions about genetics background. The DNA or deoxyribonucleic acid itÃ¢â¬â¢s an acid of the nucleus of the cells, where the genetic information is found, it is used in the development and functioning of any living organism and of some viruses. This molecule is responsible for storing information, DNA can be compared as a plan, a code or a recipe, because it contains the instructions needed to build cells and their components, such as proteins and RNA molecules. The DNA molecule is a double chain of nucleotides that can be divided into Ã ¨bytesÃ ¨ of information, that we call genes, and each of these genes come together to create a specific protein. These proteins are those thatShow MoreRelatedDna Research Paper1015 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages1930s and 1940s, scientists were determined to identify the fundamental concept whether DNA, RNA, or proteins were the genetic material in organisms, and were leaning towards proteins as they are the most molecularly diverse of the three. At the time, DNA was considered too simple to compose the genetic material as it consisted of only four unique base pairs. These investigations were initiated from research completed by Fred Griffith in 1928, in which he was studying the bacterium StreptococcusRead MoreRandom Amplification Of Polymorphic Dna Research Paper1008 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRandom Amplification of Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers are analyzed by using PCR to amplify the segments of nuclear DNA. The use of a single primer (usually 8Ã¢â¬â10 bp long) that attaches to both strands of DNA and low annealing temperatures increases the likeliÃ ¬hood of amplifying multiple regions representing a particular locus (Welsh and McClelland, 1990). Although RAPD is a simple and inexpensive technique its major limitation is the inability to differentiateRead MoreThe Discovery Of The Structure Of Dna1089 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRosalind Franklin and her Contribution to the Structure of DNA Specific Purpose: To enable the audience to reflect on how Rosalind Franklin contributed to the discovery of the structure of DNA. Introduction: I. Open with Impact: Could you having a significant role in one of the greatest scientific achievements of all time, but not getting credit for it? Not only that, but constantly putting yourself in harmÃ¢â¬â¢s way to make this discovery, and eventually dying because of it? II. Thesis Statement:Read MoreEssay on DNA in the Forensic Science Community1500 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThis paper explores deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) collection and its relationship to solving crimes. The collection of DNA is one of the most important steps in identifying a suspect in a crime. DNA evidence can either convict or exonerate an individual of a crime. Furthermore, the accuracy of forensic identification of evidence has the possibility of leaving biased effects on a juror (Carrell, Krauss, Liberman, Miethe, 2008). This paper examines Carrells et alÃ¢â¬â¢s research along with three otherRead MoreWhat Is DNA Replicated From DNA?800 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages In cells, DNA is replicated from chromosomes with two points of regulation: a six protein complex forms at an origin and is activated by proteins that can modify others (Gambus et al, 2006; Labib, 2010; Zegerman and Diffley, 2006). This draws more proteins towards the origin for initiation to occur. Origins are spec ific DNA sequences where the two DNA strands are unwound for replication, creating fork-like structures (Labib, 2010). Origin unwinding occurs by the six protein complex mentioned withRead MoreThe Effects Of Free Mechaning1241 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn this paper, Bhattacharjee et al. focus on studying both the formation of free radicals and the repair of the resulting DNA damage through the development of methods for accurately creating and identifying DNA damage resulting from free radical reactions. Damage to DNA due to free radical reactions can lead to numerous biological issues both on the molecular level and at the level of the organismÃ¢â¬â¢s health, causing issues such as carcinogenesis and cell death. According to Bhattacharjee et al.,Read More Review of Research Paper on the Interphase of Mitosis1279 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdifferent stages, or phases. This paper focuses on the interphase of cell cycle, which is when DNA replication occurs, and the cell is engaged in metab olic activities to prepare itself for cell division. The idea that these two processes are related arises much controversy in what their relation is exactly. A few theories propose that the cell cycle dictates DNA replication, whereas others support that DNA replication dictates the cell cycle. However, more research on yeast cells have determined thatRead More Rosalind Franklin Essay1250 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBook, 2001). She then took a job with Nobel chemist, Ronald Norrish (McGrayne, 1993). From here she took a job with the British Coal Utilization Research Association (BCURA). Here she brought order into a field which had previously been chaos (Bernstein, 1978). Her Research at BCURA focused on how coal could be used most efficiently. Based on this research, she earned a Ph.D. from Cambridge in 1945 (McGrayne, 1993). To better understand the complex crystals in coal, Rosalind started using x-ray crystallographyRead MoreMethods For Improving The Cellular Uptake Of Dna Origami Ba sed Drug Delivery Nanocarriers1254 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¢â¬ ¢ Summary o The authors of this paper indicate an apparently novel method for improving the cellular uptake of DNA origami-based drug delivery nanocarriers. While the transport protein, transferrin (Tf), has been used to functionalize other types of drug delivery nanocarriers, it had yet to be incorporated into nanocarriers made via DNA origami prior to this publication. The authors demonstrate successful functionalization of Tf to a specific morphology of DNA origami using gel-shift analysis andRead MoreManuscript summary (1-3 paragraphs) The paper focuses on importance of delivery of small molecules,700 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesManuscript summary (1-3 paragraphs) The paper focuses on importance of delivery of small molecules, proteins, and DNA into cells using carbon black (CB) nanoparticles activated by femtosecond laser pulses. Since the existing biological (e.g. viral vectors), chemical (e.g. cationic lipids and polymers) and physical delivery methods (e.g. electroporation) were inefficient and/or had some side effects, in this work, ultrashort laser pulses were used. In order to determine the efficiency of laser activation
I am a teenage girl. But I am not an average teenage girl; I do not participate in the sleepovers where we paint each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s nails, talk about boys, and watch Legally Blond, I do not go to the mall hoping to find those fabulous shoes on sale, and I do not get manicures. I am still repulsed to this day by the color pink and I shiver at the idea of a classic Ã¢â¬Ëgirls night out.Ã¢â¬â¢ I want to sit by the river and discuss whether there is meaning to life or if we create our own meaning. I want to lie on the grass in a T-shirt and shorts, dig my toes into the grass, and play Ã¢â¬Å"New SlangÃ¢â¬ on my Acoustic Trans Blue Ibanez. I want to put a basketball in my hands, scrimmage with a friend, and make layup after layup. I want to curl up on the couch in front of a blazing fire, wrap myself in a fleece blanket and lose myself in the world of dragons, Harry Potter, or Richard Feynman. After the long walks and the crackling of fires, enter Math and Science, stage left. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s nothing like knowing that 300 trillion neutrinos are passing through us every second to get you going in the morning. Who needs coffee when you have the perfect quadratic equation to factor or the mass of our solar system to calculate? I was raised to live and fight in a household where annihilation was a daily possibility. I entered the family picture as an uh-oh baby, at least six years behind my other six siblings. Throughout my entire childhood, food was hard to come by, with half a dozen ravenous teenagers constantly tipping the refrigerator upside-down to find the last scrap, devouring the stuffing and yams before it even reached me, and either stuffing all of the cake down their throats or into each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s faces. But with the clothes of my sisters and brothers on my back, I grew older and stronger. As a twelve-year-old and a legitimate middle schooler, the last of my siblings filtered out of the house and forged ahead in her life. The house grew cold and barren when it wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t filled to the brim with hormonal teenagers and babies. A year later, the house ached with sorrow when it grew emptier still with the departure of my dad. A couple of judges, courtrooms, divorce decrees, and years later, my mom and I trekked up to Idaho for my sophomore year. New friends, new faces, new opportunities. I was brought to life in the middle of my junior year. This was the point when I became self-aware for the very first time. It is as if everything before that was a blur, an empty space, and a blank canvas. I do not remember most of my childhood, including the long, thin, and mysterious scar seared on my stomach or the warm embrace of my parents. I remember my pink, stucco house, the bunk bed in my room, my ever-rotating pack of family dogs, my siblings continually filtering in and out of the house, and the constant lack of food in the kitchen, but I donÃ¢â¬â¢t remember breathing. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t remember taking that one satisfying breath that testified to the fact that I am alive. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t take my first breath until I was sixteen. I was notified one day after school that my friend had tried to kill herself; I would never look at a bottle of Tylenol the same way ever again. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t understand the severity of that act. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t visualize my friend grasping the bottle and emptying it into her stomach. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t feel the pain and loneliness one must feel in order to commit such a desperate act. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t think of her swallowing the pills one by one. ThenÃ¢â¬ ¦ I did. I did understand; I did visualize it; I did feel the pain. Halfway through a layup (literally), I stopped and shattered. The weight of my parentsÃ¢â¬â¢ divorce slammed into me with full force. My mind slowly started to retreat and crawl into Ã¢â¬Ëthe cave.Ã¢â¬â¢ That dark, moist cavern that became my home where I hid from the world, and myself. My trust, my soul, and my existence were painfully destroyed and I was left to rebuild the rubble. A warm, welcoming, and forgiving hand rested on my shoulder and helped me pick up the small pieces that were my essence. One by one, I pinched the small pebbles with my thumb and forefinger, carefully laid them back in place and continued the slow, necessary process. Months passed and the constricting snake, wrapped tigh tly around my chest, loosened with reluctance. I remember the feeling, that incredible sensation of the first breath because I now experience it everyday. The snake shed its skin, ate its fill, unwound itself from my body, slithered down my leg and kept gliding down the path. The pressure released from my lungs and oxygen flooded my system. Now, I repeat the practice with control and patience. I close my eyes and the rich, plentiful, and beautifully clean air slowly and steadily fills my lungs, filling every ribÃ¢â¬â¢s crack and organÃ¢â¬â¢s crevice until I can take no more. I inhale until a fire is raging in my lungs and my body rejects even a molecule more of air. Then I hold it in. I keep the sensational air inside me, refusing to release this miracle; a miracle that is taking place inside my very soul. The air rushes into my blood stream and creates life. Those rejuvenating air molecules mix with my red blood cells and reenact the Big Bang. It takes two to tango, and the duoÃ¢â¬â¢s performance is inspirational. The oxy gen and the blood embrace and guide the way. I am powerless to resist their lead. Then, after letting the energy sink into all of my bones, my skin, my toes, my fingernails and lastly, my heart, I relinquish the air. It steadily drifts from my body. I am alive. And every day, after repeating that magical ritual between brushing my teeth and washing my face, I am reminded of that. Life is good with a guitar in my hands and a fresh supply of air.
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Consider the libor scandal 2014 which many banks of the uk banks were involved in .explore the causes of this scandal and evaluate the impact? Answer: Introduction: Libor stands for the London Interbank Offered Rate. It is the rate at which banks can borrow funds from each other. Previously it was known as BBA Libor (for British Bankers Association). Libor is generally defined as a benchmark interest rate through which banks can lend unsecured funds to each other. This rate is also published by the British Bankers Association. Libor is calculated against ten different currencies and fifteen different maturities that is why Libor is considered as a global benchmark to lend short term interest rates. Eighteen banks participated for the US Dollar Libor. The Libor rate being a global benchmark, it is used for giving mortgages, loans and other financial products traded around the world. Therefore an attempt was made to make the current market in favor of labor rate. That led to increase in the profits and it made an advantage over others. The labor Scandal arose with the fact that banks started getting aware about lending loans to one another and this cause led to increasing Libor rate. The higher the rate that they were charged to borrow, the more likely a bank was to collapse. Libor rate affected the global borrowing because many banks used Libor as a base rate against interest rates on corporate and consumer loans. According to US Commodities Future Trading Commission, hundreds of trillions of dollars were linked to Libor which included auto and home loans. It was also important to note that banks involved with securities business were more likely to fail. From facts it was seen that 5000 banks failed in the 1920s.During the Great Depression more than 25% banks failed and even some were closed down. Banks involved in the LIBOR Scandal: The American banks those were included as the panel for fixing US dollars was The Bank of America, JP Morgan Chase and Citibank, NA. Apart from this 16 other non- US banks were involved in the US dollar fixing in London. These banks are: HSBC, Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ Ltd, and of Nova Scotia, BNP Paribas, Barclays, Deutsche Bank, Credit Agricole CIB, Credit Suisse, Rabobank, Royal bank of Canada, Lloyds TSB Bank plc, UBS AG, The Royal bank of Scotland group, The Norinchukin Bank, Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation (Hou, 2015). Causes Of Libor Scandal: The LIBOR Scandal was brought in by the GFC so that Barclays could maintain its creditworthiness in the market. It was also found out that the manipulation was not just restricted to the managers and traders in Barclays, but also catered to other banks in US as well over the years. The LIBOR scandal was caused by the regulators and rogue employees who even pose a stop to the government as well. This scandal was considered as a form of price fixing. The answer to the cause of this issue was suspecticious because of the presence of political parties and issues. There were no standard operating procedures and they did not abide by the law (https://www.clpuk.co.uk, 2015). Controversy of the Libor Scandal: There was a controversy with this scandal that manipulations was done by Barclays in the cost submissions that lead to downsizing of their financial health and therefore they could not make any profit out of it. It was also pointed out that traders were placed in between with direct communication and this made the bankers to be affected. This brought an insight by the traders to set the labor rates as per convenience (Claudio, 2014). Impact of the Libor Scandal: LIBOR had following impact on the financings in the US. Libor decides on the rate of interest that can be adjusted along with residential mortgages used such as collateral for derivative securities which are sold both in the private and public market places. It also sets the rate of interest for the next period by which floating bonds can be sold within or outside US. The outstanding bonds are necessarily to be redeemed as and when the international financings are issued. All the proceedings of the bonds are directed of the issuer in Guaranteed Investment Contracts (GICs). This was a part of the investment offered by financial service institutions. There were two main forms of manipulation that were discovered. Firstly traders were acknowledged to ask Barclays employees to change their rates. Secondly initiatives were taken to improve the fiscal health manipulating the rates downward. It was projected that the new rate calculation will be based on increasing rates of interest rate in the market. It was also proposed to make the rates transparent in the market for international use (LBC, 2015). Penalties for the Libor Scandal: Certain amount of fine was imposed against manipulation of the Libor rates. Barclays Bank was fined $200 million by the Commodity Futures trading Commission, the United States Department of Justice fined $160 million and 59.5 Euros by the Financial Services Authority. During the global financial crisis of 2007-2012, the interest rates were made lower (When the Bollinger bankers' bubbles burst, 2013). Regulation and Sanctions made by the government on Libor Scandal: There was a need of labor rate manipulation that was reported by the Wall Street Journal in 2011. It was necessary for the government to make necessary changes in form of amendments to the Parliament or Banking Reform Bill. The government wanted to control the credibility of LIBOR by officially replacing British Banking Association as operational administrator and this also restore the reputation of LIBOR in market (Horton, 2012). Process and purpose of how banks set their LIBOR rates: The process of fixing or setting the LIBOR rates is transparent and simple according to the BBA LIBOR 2013. Certain questions were raised in the market according to which the business was to be conducted. It was also necessary to specify the rate at which funds could be borrowed which is prior to the market size as well. All the contribution from the banks involved are taken into the account for producing the final Libor rate in the market within each currency. These final official rates are then published by Thomson Reutors who is considered as the designated distributor of these rates. After that it is made available to thousands of banks around the world (Voxeu.org, 2015). The official LIBOR rates are used by the banks itself as benchmarks not only for the customers but it also helps in the settlement of contracts. For example maturing interest rate contracts on derivatives exchanges. Therefore Libor rate is considered as an integral element of the international financial system of world. The next step is to make avail these rates to be monitored and examined by the Foreign Exchange and Money Market Committee. The sub committees play a crucial role in determining and solving necessary issues related to the disciplinary actions and LIBOR submission process as well. It was determined that there was a transparent calculation mechanism that was widely used and considered as strength for over-the-counter derivatives. Role of Libor in the Commercial Sector: The role played by the LIBOR rate was mainly to serve as a benchmark rate for financing of loans and funds across the world. The rate was used as a debt instrument to the corporate bonds and government, credit cards, loans given to the students, and also as a derivative to other financial products. It also helps to calculate the current state of the banking system that is being operated in the world (Yeung, 2013). Impact of LIBOR on its own business and consumers: Libor rate became a focus of significance in determining the credit policies. It poses a level of confidence that banks have on one another. The rate at which banks charge on loans and mortgages depends on the ability at which banks can raise money as well. If there is a certain increase in the percentage of pounds it can add to hundreds of households. If banks can borrow more cheaply then there is no need to offer good returns. For example if the base rate was 2 percent then Libor would be 2.1 percent (BBC News, 2013). It is very essential for a consumer to know which rates are tied up with Libor. Consumers must know the original terms and conditions for it. The Libor rate also affected the financial markets as well. It was necessary for the banks to know to know about the actual borrowing and lending rates. The central bank should have monitored the rates accordingly as Libor does. The new contractors wanted a transaction based benchmark for the Libor mechanism to work along with the existing contractors as well. Libor was now considered as an instrument to check how healthy a bank is and it also depicts which banks are deemed with poor financial health (Gatarek, Bachert and Maksymiuk, 2006). Conclusion: It can be concluded that recommendations needed to be given for improving the rates imposed by the Libor rate that can be implemented in UK in the near future. The Libor Scandal controversy reduced the circumstances of the market activity and this led to swapping of index overnight. This helped banks to make short term transactions. It was also necessary to ensure a more reliable benchmarking system that would enhance the funding costs of the banks. This also enabled to provide a legal aspect to make it more transparent and open to the financial industry. References BBC News, (2013).Timeline: Libor-fixing scandal. [online] Available at: https://www.bbc.com/news/business-18671255 [Accessed 27 Feb. 2015]. Council on Foreign Relations, (2015).Understanding the Libor Scandal. [online] Available at: https://www.cfr.org/united-kingdom/understanding-libor-scandal/p28729 [Accessed 27 Feb. 2015]. Gatarek, D., Bachert, P. and Maksymiuk, R. (2006).The LIBOR market model in practice. Chichester, England: John Wiley Sons. Global Research, (2015).Two Years after the Libor Scandal, Banks Get Token Fines for Rigging Global Foreign Exchange Rates. [online] Available at: https://www.globalresearch.ca/banks-get-token-fines-for-rigging-global-foreign-exchange-rates/5413850 [Accessed 27 Feb. 2015]. Hou, D. 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